Book review: The Driver in the Driverless Car

I got through the first four chapters of Vivek Wadhwa and Alex Salkever’s The Driver in the Driverless Car before deciding not to continue.

The Driver in the Driverless Car is appropriate for readers who have very little familiarity with emerging technology and have never thought much about technology ethics issues. I’m not part of the intended audience but I was prompted to try the book anyway because it seemed to be specifically addressing the issue of how we should choose which technologies to adopt. That is a very important question, and I was excited to see it posed by a book you might find in an airport terminal store.

The authors spend a lot of time familiarizing the reader with various emerging technologies and some of the most well-known ethical dilemmas those technologies pose. As they do this the authors (who admit to being early adopter tech-enthusiasts themselves) seem unable to stifle their excitement about the new technologies well enough to provide serious criticism at the same time. So their attempt to be even-handed somewhat fails, but this might have been a deliberate choice.

My problem with this book is not its simplification, but the authors’ rubric for how to assess technology. They propose a 3-question test of all new technology: Does it have the potential to benefit everyone equally? What are the risks/rewards? Does it create autonomy rather than dependence?

These are fine questions to explore, but can they serve as a basis on which to build a useful technology adoption assessment? Aside from being indistinct from each other, the questions encode and promote the authors’ own personal values (equality, rationalism, autonomy) rather than create a stable framework that works for different people in different situations. Technology users and use contexts are extremely varied, so a technology that might seem to, say, promote equality to one user in one context could still raise all kinds of red flags to another user in another context.

I like that the authors are thinking about the question of how to assess technology for adoption, but there is danger in going about this the wrong way. Concepts like equality and autonomy don’t mean the same thing to everyone, and are easily politicized; it’s easy to take them and run very far and very quickly, irreversibly, in the wrong direction.